Photo: Luis Mata

Publications & Resources

Urban Beat

Urban Beat is the newsletter of the Clean Air and Urban Landscapes Hub. It is published three times a year. Selected stories may be read online, or a pdf version can be downloaded. If you would like to receive a hardcopy of the newsletter please contact us.

Research Briefs

CAUL Hub research briefs describe the practical research problems that we are addressing. Each brief describes the currrent state of knowledge in the area, a description of the CAUL Hub's contribution and the expected outcome of our research, all with a focus on the needs of research end-users.


CAUL Hub brochure

Melbourne Liveability Scorecard

Sydney Liveability Scorecard

Perth Liveability Scorecard

Upper Stony Creek Tranformation project pamphlet

Bush 2018. Factsheet: Cooling cities with green space - policy perspectives

City of Melbourne Biodiversity Portal | Insects - The little things that run our city

Cranney et al. 2017 The Little Things that Run the City - 30 amazing insects that live in Melbourne!

Research Reports




Government Submissions

CAUL Hub Presentations

This section contains selected presentations given by and about the CAUL Hub.

City Futures Conference Presentation: Bringing Multi-Perspectives to Strengthen Urban Sustainability Research, Practice and Policy, Sweden, Oct 11 2018.

Indigenous Engagement and Participation: A presentation given to the International Association for Public Participation conference, Adelaide, Oct 17 2016.

Indigenous perspectives on the urban environment: an Indigenous-led research program

Quiet Streets and Clean Air: Street-level air quality study in SE Sydney: A presentation given by Pascal Perez at the International Symposia for Next Generation Infrastructure (ISNGI), London, Sept 2017.

CAUL Hub in the Media





Academic Publications


Bekessy, S.A., Runge, M.C., Kusmanoff, A.M., Keith, D.A., Wintle, B.A. (2018) Ask not what nature can do for you: A critique of ecosystem services as a communication strategy. Biological Conservation, Volume 224, 2018, Pages 71-74, ISSN 0006-3207

Backstrom, A., Garrard, G.E., Hobbs, R.J., Bekessy, S.A. (Online, 6 February 2018) Grappling with the social dimension of novel ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. doi:10.1002/fee.1769

Egerer, M., Lin, B.B, Threlfall, C.G, Kendal, D (in press) Temperature variability influences urban garden plant richness and gardener water use behavior, but not planting decisions. Science of the Total Environment

Forehead, H., Huynh, N. (2018) Review of modelling air pollution from traffic at street-level - The state of the science Environmental Pollution, Volume 241, October 2018, Pages 775-786, ISSN 0269-7491

Goodman, N. B., Wheeler, A. J., Paevere, P. J., Selleck, P. W., Cheng, M., and Steinemann, A. (2018) Indoor volatile organic compounds at an Australian university. Building and Environment, 2018, ISSN 0360-1323

Hardy, M.J., Bekessy, S.A., Fitzsimons, J.A., Mata, L., Cook, C., Nankivell, A., Smillie, K., and Gordon, A. (2018) Protecting nature on private land using revolving funds: Assessing property suitability. Biological Conservation 220: 84–93.

Hardy, M.J., Fitzsimons, J.A., Bekessy, S.A., Gordon, A. (Accepted, 31 Jan 2018) Purchase, protect, resell, repeat: An effective process for conserving biodiversity on private land? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.

Jung, K., Threlfall, C. G., (2018) Trait-dependent tolerance of bats to urbanization: a global meta-analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 2018. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2018.1222

Kendal, D., Dobbs, C., Gallagher, R. V., Beaumont, L. J., Baumann, J., Williams, N. S. G., Livesley, S. J., and Algar, A. (2018) A global comparison of the climatic niches of urban and native tree populations. Global Ecology and Biogeography, Volume27, Issue5, May 2018, Pages 629-637.

Kendal, D. and Lee, K. E. (2017). Managing biodiversity through social values and preferences. Niemela, J., Ossola, A. (eds) Urban Biodiversity: From Research to Practice, Routledge, New York pp 135-147

Mahmoudi Farahani, L., Maller, C. (2018) Perceptions and Preferences of Urban Greenspaces: A Literature Review and Framework for Policy and Practice. Landscape Online, 2018. DOI:10.3097/LO.201861

Mahmoudi Farahani, L., Maller, C. (2018) Investigating residents' use and perceptions of informal greenspaces: a study of Stony Creek in Melbourne's west. Analysis and Policy Observatory, 2018. doi:10.4225/50/5b2f2ca26eed3

Mahmoudi Farahani, L. & Maller, C. (2018) Perceptions and preferences of urban greenspaces: a review and framework for policy and practice. Landscape Online.

Mahmoudi Farahani, L., Maller, C., and Phelan, K. (2018) Private Gardens as Urban Greenspaces: Can They Compensate for Poor Greenspace Access in Lower Socioeconomic Neighbourhoods?. Landscape Online, Pp.1-18.

Maller, C., Mahmoudi Farahani, L. (2018) Snakes in the city: understanding urban residents' responses to greening interventions for biodiversity. Analysis and Policy Observatory, 2018. doi:10.4225/50/5b2dc36e758f5

McKinney, M., Kowarik, I., and Kendal D. (2018) The contribution of wild urban ecosystems to liveable cities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 29:334-335.

Parris, K.M. (2018) Existing ecological theory applies to urban environments. Landscape and Ecological Engineering

Parris, K. M., Amati, M., Bekessy, S. A., Dagenais, D., Fryd, O., Hahs, A. K., Hes, D., Imberger, S. J., Livesley, S. J., Marshall, A. J., Rhodes, J. R., Threlfall, C. G., Tingley, R., van der Ree, R., Walsh, C. J., Wilkerson, M. L., Williams, N. S. G. (2018) The seven lamps of planning for biodiversity in the city. Cities, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2018.06.007.

Phelan, K, Hurley, J and Bush, J (2018) Land-Use Planning’s Role in Urban Forest Strategies: Recent Local Government Approaches in Australia. Urban Policy and Research DOI: 10.1080/08111146.2018.1518813

Ramalho, C.E., Ottewell, K.M., Chambers, B.K., Yates, C., Wilson, B.A., Bencini R., Barrett, G. (2018) Demographic and Genetic Viability of a Medium-Sized Ground-Dwelling Mammal in a Fire Prone, Rapidly Urbanizing Landscape. PlosOne. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0191190

Ramalho, C.E., Laliberté E., Poot P., Hobbs, R. (2018) Effects of fragmentation on the plant functional composition and diversity of remnant woodlands in a young and rapidly expanding city. Journal of vegetation Science. doi: 10.1111/jvs.12615

Sievers, M. K., Hale, R., Parris, K. M., and Swearer, S. E. (2018) Impacts of human-induced environmental change in wetlands on aquatic animals. Biological Reviews 93, 529-554.

Soanes, K., Sievers, M., Chee, Y. E., Williams, N. S. G., Bhardwaj, M., Marshall, A. J., Parris, K. M. (2018) Correcting common misconceptions to inspire conservation action in urban environments. Conservation Biology. Volume 0, No. 0, 1–7. doi:10.1111/cobi.13193

Steinemann, A. (2018) Prevalence and effects of multiple chemical sensitivities in Australia. Preventive Medicine Reports. Volume 10, June 2018, Pages 191-194.

Steinemann, A., Wheeler, A.J., and Larcombe, A. (2018) Fragranced consumer products: effects on asthmatic Australians. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health, 1-7.

Threlfall, C. G., Law, B. S., Peacock, R. J. (2018) Benchmarks and predictors of coarse woody debris in native forests of eastern Australia Austral Ecology. doi:10.1111/aec.12661

Threlfall, C. G. and Kendal, D. (2018) The distinct ecological and social roles that wild spaces play in urban ecosystems. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 29:348-356


Backstrom A, Garrard GE, Hobbs RJ, Bekessy SA. (Online, 6 February 2018) Grappling with the social dimension of novel ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. doi:10.1002/fee.1769.

Bowman DMJS, Garnett ST, Barlow S, Bekessy SA, Bellairs SM, Bishop MJ, Bradstock RA, Jones DN, Maxwell SL, Pittock J, Toral-Granda MV, Watson JEM, Wilson T, Zander KK, Hughes L. (2017) Renewal ecology: conservation for the Anthropocene. Restoration Ecology 25: 674-680.

Damiens F, Mumaw L, Backstrom A, Bekessy SA, Coffey B, Faulkner R, Garrard GE, Hardy M, Kusmanoff A, Mata L, Rickards L, Selinske M, Torabi N, Gordon A. (2017) Why politics and context matter in conservation policy: A response to Kareiva and Fuller. Global Policy 8: 253-256.

Dirgawati M, Heyworth JS , Wheeler AJ, McCaul KA , Blake D , Boeyen J, Cope M , Yeap BB, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Brunekreef B, Hinwood A. 2016. Development of Land Use Regression Models for Particulate Matter and Associated Components in an Area with Low Air Pollutant Concentration Airshed. Atmospheric Environment, 144:69-78. [pdf - manuscript] [pdf - supplementary]

Elise-Andrée Guérette, Monk, K., Utembe, S., Silver, J., Emmerson, K., Griffiths, A., Duc, H., Chang, L., Trieu, T., Jiang, N., Scorgie, Y., Cope4, M. and Paton-Walsh, C., (2017). Evaluation of regional air quality models over sydney, Australia. Clean Air Society of Australia and New Zealand Conference 2017 [Conference presentation - extended abstract]

Gong, Y., Morandini, L., and Sinnott, R. (2017) The design and benchmarking of a Cloud-based platform for processing and visualization of traffic data. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Big Data and Smart Computing (BigComp). [pdf]

Gong, Y., Rimba, P., Sinnott, R.O., (2017) A Big Data Architecture for Near Real-time Traffic Analytics. IEEE/ACM International Conference on Utility and Cloud Computing (UCC) Conference, Austin Texas, December 2017. [pdf]

Goodman, N.B., Steinemann, A., Wheeler, A.J., Paevere, P.J., Cheng, M. and Brown, S.K., 2017. Volatile organic compounds within indoor environments in Australia. Building and Environment, 122, pp.116-125, ISSN 0360-1323 [pdf]

Garrard GE, Fidler F, Wintle BC, En Chee Y, Bekessy SA. (2016) Beyond advocacy: making space for conservation scientists in public debate. Conservation Letters 9: 208–212.

Garrard GE, Williams NSG, Mata L, Thomas J, Bekessy SA. (Online, 21 September 2017). Biodiversity sensitive urban design. Conservation Letters

Hanigan IC, Williamson GJ, Knibbs LD, Horsley J, Rolfe MI, Cope A, Barnett AG, Cowie CT, Heyworth JS, Jalaludin B, Serre M, Morgan GG. 2017 Blending Multiple Nitrogen Dioxide Data Sources for Neighborhood Estimates of Long-Term Exposure for Health Research. Environmental Science and technology; 51(21):12473-12480. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.7b03035. Epub 2017 Oct 10. [pdf]

Hardy MJ, Fitzsimons JA, Bekessy SA, Gordon A. (2017) Exploring the permanence of conservation covenants. Conservation Letters 10: 221-230. doi: 10.1111/conl.12243.

Hardy MJ, Fitzsimons JA, Bekessy SA, Gordon A. (Online, 20 July 2017) Factors influencing property selection for conservation revolving funds. Conservation Biology. doi:10.1111/cobi.12991.

Hurley, J., Taylor, E.J., and Phelan, K., (2017) Collaboration with Caveats: Research-Practice Exchange in Planning. Planning Practice & Research, vol. 32, issue 5, pp. 508-523. [pdf]

Ives CD, Gordon A, Oke C, Raymond CM, Heir A, Bekessy SA. (Online, 8 November 2017) Spatial scale influences how people value and perceive green open space. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management.

Ives, C. D, Oke, C., Hehir, A., Gordon, A., Wang, Y., Bekessy, S. A., (2017) Capturing residents' values for urban green space: Mapping, analysis and guidance for practice, Landscape and Urban Planning. Volume 161, May 2017, Pages 32-43. [pdf]

Kusmanoff AM, Fidler F, Gordon A, Bekessy SA. (2017) Decline of ‘biodiversity’ in conservation policy discourse in Australia. Environmental Science and Policy 77: 160-165.

Li, T., Sipe, N., and Dodson, J. (2017) Social and spatial effects of transforming the private vehicle fleet in Brisbane, Australia. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, vol. 51, March 2017, pp. 43-52. [pdf]

Lindenmayer DB, Crane M, Evans MC, Moron M, Gibbons P, Bekessy SA, Blanchard W. (2017) The anatomy of a failed offset. Biological Conservation 210: 286-292.

Lowe E. C., Threlfall C. G., Wilder S. M., Hochuli D. F., (2017). Environmental drivers of spider community composition at multiple scales along an urban gradient. Biodiversity and Conservation.

MacLachlan, A., Biggs, E., Roberts, G., Boruff, B., 2017. Urbanisation-induced Land Cover Temperature Dynamics for Sustainable Future Urban Heat Island Mitigation. Urban Science. 1(38)

Mata L, Garrard GE, Kutt AS, Wintle BC, En Chee Y, Backstrom A, Bainbridge B, Urlus J, Brown GW, Tolsma AD, Yen AL, New TR, Bekessy SA. (2017) Eliciting and integrating expert knowledge to assess the viability of the critically endangered golden sun-moth Synemon plana. Austral Ecology42: 297-308. [pdf]

Mata L., Threlfall C. G., Williams N. S. G., Hahs A. K., Malipatil M., Stork N. E., Livesley S.J. (2017). Conserving herbivorous and predatory insects in urban green spaces. Scientific Reports, 7: 40970.

Mumaw LM, Bekessy SA. (2017) Wildlife gardening for collaborative public–private biodiversity conservation. Australasian Journal of Environmental Management 24: 242-246.

Mumaw LM, Maller C, Bekessy SA. (2017) Strengthening wellbeing in urban communities through wildlife gardening. Cities and the Environment (CATE): Vol. 10: Iss. 1, Article 6.

Paton-Walsh, Clare; Guérette, Elise-Andrée; Kubistin, Dagmar; Humphries, Ruhi; Wilson, Stephen R; Dominick, Doreena; Galbally, Ian; Buchholz, Rebecca R; Bhujel, Mahendra; Chambers, Scott; Cheng, Min; Cope, Martin; Davy, Perry; Emmerson, Kathryn; Griffith, David W T; Griffiths, Alan; Keywood, Melita; Lawson, Sarah; Molloy, Suzie; Rea, Geraldine; Selleck, Paul; Shi, Xue; Simmons, Jack; Velazco, Voltaire (2017): The MUMBA Campaign: Measurements of Urban, Marine and Biogenic Air. Earth System Science Data, 9(1), 349-362, [pdf]

Data for above paper: Guérette, Elise-Andrée; Paton-Walsh, Clare; Kubistin, Dagmar; Humphries, Ruhi; Bhujel, Mahendra; Buchholz, Rebecca R; Chambers, Scott; Cheng, Min; Davy, Perry; Dominick, Doreena; Galbally, Ian; Griffith, David W T; Griffiths, Alan; Keywood, Melita; Lawson, Sarah; Molloy, Suzie; Selleck, Paul; Simmons, Jack; Wilson, Stephen R (2017): Measurements of Urban, Marine and Biogenic Air (MUMBA): characterisation of trace gases and aerosol at the urban, marine and biogenic interface in summer in Wollongong, Australia. PANGAEA,,

Selinske MJ, Cooke B, Torabi N, Hardy MJ, Knight A, Bekessy SA. (2017) Locating financial incentives amongst diverse motivations for long-term private land conservation. Ecology and Society 22: 7. doi: 10.5751/ES-09148-220207

Steinemann, A. (2017). Health and Societal Effects from Exposure to Fragranced Consumer Products. Preventive Medicine Reports, 5, 45–47.

Threlfall, C. G., Mata, L., Mackie, J. A., Hahs, A. K., Stork, N. E., Williams, N. S. G. and Livesley, S. J. (2017). Increasing biodiversity in urban green spaces through simple vegetation interventions. Journal of Applied Ecology doi: 10.1111/1365-2664.12876

2015 - 2016

Dirgawati M, Heyworth JS , Wheeler AJ, McCaul KA , Blake D , Boeyen J, Cope M , Yeap BB, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Brunekreef B, Hinwood A. 2016. Development of Land Use Regression Models for Particulate Matter and Associated Components in an Area with Low Air Pollutant Concentration Airshed, Atmospheric Environment, 144:69-78.

Drijfhout, M., Kendal, D., Vohl, D. and Green, P. T., (2016). Sentiment Analysis: Ready for Conservation. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 14(10): 525–526, doi: 10.1002/fee.1435

Emmerson, K. M., Galbally, I. E., Guenther, A. B., Paton-Walsh, C., Guerette, E., Cope, M. E., Keywood, M. D., Lawson, S. J., Molloy, S. B., Dunne, E., Thatcher, M., Karl, T., and Maleknia, S. D., (2016). Current Estimates of Biogenic Emissions from Eucalypts Uncertain for Southeast Australia, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16: 6997-7011. doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.08.013

Ives, C. D., Lentini, P. E., Threlfall, C. G., Ikin, K., Shanahan, D. F., Garrard, G. E., Bekessy, S. A., Fuller, R. A., Mumaw, L., Rayner, L., Rowe, R., Valentine, L. E. and Kendal, D. (2016) Cities are hotspots for threatened species. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25: 117–126. doi: 10.1111/geb.12404

Keywood, M., Selleck, P., Galbally, I., Lawson, S., Powell, J., Cheng, M., Gillett, R., Ward, J., Harnwell, J., Dunne, E., Boast, K., Reisen, F., Molloy, S., Griffiths, A., Chambers, S., Crumeyrolle, S., Zhang, C., Zeng, J., Fedele, R., (2016). Sydney Particle Study 1 - Aerosol and gas data collection. v3. CSIRO. Data Collection

Keywood, M., Selleck, P., Galbally, I., Lawson, S., Powell, J., Cheng, M., Gillett, R., Ward, J., Harnwell, J., Dunne, E., Boast, K., Reisen, F., Molloy, S., Griffiths, A., Chambers, S., Crumeyrolle, S., Zhang, C., Zeng, J., Fedele, R., (2016). Sydney Particle Study 2 - Aerosol and gas data collection. v3. CSIRO. Data Collection.

Knibbs LD, Coorey CP, Cowie C, Dirgawati M, Heyworth JS, Marks GB, Morawska L, Pereira G, Hewson MG. 2016. Independent validation of a national satellite-based land-use regression model for nitrogen dioxide using passive samplers, Environmental Science & Technology .

Kusmanoff AM, Fidler F, Hardy M, Maffey G, Raymond C, Reed M, Fitzsimons J, Bekessy SA. (2016) Framing the private land conservation conversation: strategic framing of the benefits of conservation participation could increase landholder engagement. Environmental Science and Policy 61: 124–128.

Lohr, V. I., Kendal, D., Dobbs, C., (2016) Urban trees worldwide have low species and genetic diversity, posing high risks of tree loss as stresses from climate change increase. Acta Hortic. 1108, 263-270. doi: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2016.1108.34

Maron M, Ives CD, Kujala H, Bull JW, Maseyk F, Bekessy SA, Gordon A, Watson JEM, Lentini P, Gibbons P, Possingham HP, Hobbs RJ, Keith DA, Wintle BA, Evans MC. (2016) Taming a wicked problem: resolving controversies in biodiversity offsetting. BioScience 66: 489-498. doi: 10.1093/biosci/biw038

Parris, K. M. (2016). Do we need a new theory of urban ecology? Bulletin of the British Ecological Society 47, 28-31.

Parris, K. M. (2015). Ecological impacts of road noise and options for mitigation. Pp. 151-158 in R. van der Ree, C. Grilo and D. Smith (eds), Handbook of Road Ecology (Wiley Blackwell, Oxford).

Parris, K. M. (2016). Ecology of Urban Environments (Wiley Blackwell, Oxford).

Sinnott, R. O. and the AURIN Technical Team (2016). The Australian Data-Driven Urban Research Platform: Systems Paper. Australian Economic Review, 49: 208–223. doi: 10.1111/1467-8462.12152

Sinnott, R.O., Bayliss, C., Bromage, A. et al., (2016). Privacy Preserving Geo-Linkage in the Big Urban Data Era Journal of Grid Computing 14: 603. doi: 10.1007/s10723-016-9372-0.

Steinemann, A., (2016). Fragranced Consumer Products: Exposures and Effects from Emissions Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health 9: 861. doi: 10.1007/s11869-016-0442-z

Torabi N, Cooke B, Bekessy SA. (2016) The role of social networks and trusted peers in promoting biodiverse carbon plantings. Australian Geographer 47: 139–156.

Torabi, N., Mata, L., Gordon, A., Garrard, G., Wescott, W., Dettmann, P., & Bekessy, S. A. (2016). The money or the trees: What drives landholders' participation in biodiverse carbon plantings? Global Ecology and Conservation, 7: 1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.gecco.2016.03.008

West S, Schultz L, Bekessy SA. (2016) Rethinking social barriers to effective adaptive management. Environmental management 58: 399–416.

Wilson A., Kendal D., and Moore J. L., (2016). Humans and Ornamental Plants: A Mutualism? Ecopsychology. 8(4): 257-263. doi: 10.1089/eco.2015.0077.